Choosing the right Linux distribution for your embedded application

Published on: Tue 08 Oct 2019

Janez Ugovsek, Senior Embedded Software Engineer at Densitron looks at how selecting the most appropriate distributions and pre-configured embedded systems have become critical success factors in speeding up new product development and time to market.

One area of the solutions development cycle that has the potential to reduce time 
is in selecting the most appropriate Linux distribution that is best suited to the display and graphics technology and their application.

In today’s digital world, manufacturing and other industries are becoming more complex and increasingly automated. This is being driven by the ever-growing demands of B2B customers looking to achieve maximum output at minimum costs 
through the optimisation of overall production efficiencies and streamlining of processes. One area of enhancement that has seen significant activity in recent years is that of the Human Machine Interface (HMI). This platform of communication and information exchange between electro-mechanic processes and the operator is undergoing considerable evolution, with the introduction of feature-rich graphical displays, monitors and touchscreens,  already commonplace in mobile consumer products, and fast becoming increasingly popular in industrial applications.

Whether this is part of a trend towards establishing ‘The Industrial Internet of Things’ or simply to deliver more effective and user friendly operator capabilities, the role of the HMI is now more important than ever. This is a trend supported by the findings of a recent report published by Global Industry Analysts, Inc, which forecasts that the global value of the HMI solutions market will exceed $5 billion by 20201.

While innovation, new product development and delivering what the customer wants in terms of an enhanced Graphical User Interface (GUI) is the lifeblood of future success, so too is the time to market and the speed at which these latest solutions turn from concept in to reality. In such a fast-moving society, reducing development time and speeding 
up time to market will help achieve that all important product differentiator and maintain competitive advantage.

While the very nature of these open-source Linux-based distributions make for easier configuration and customisation, choosing the right one from the vast selection of distributions available, even for the most discerning software engineers, can be a challenge. Make the wrong selection, and additional development required to configure the distribution with your chosen GUI means it will not only cost time, it will also cost financially. Get it right however, and you will end up saving yourself a lot of time and effort, and enable you to deliver the finished solution a lot quicker to market.

When it comes to choosing the right Linux distribution for your chosen GUI, there is rarely a perfect, ready-made solution. However, by working in close partnership with a specialist technology provider, significant advantages can be gained through tapping in to their own expertise and understanding of which distributions, tools and peripherals provide the best fit in terms of your end-user requirements. In the case of Densitron, our software engineers have already developed fully optimised embedded boards that are pre-loaded with the latest QT cross platform software and 
pre-configured with the most appropriate distributions. This further streamlines development and customisation requirements and accelerates integration by offering an almost instant ‘plug and play’ solution. 

In terms of the GUI, there are a number of Linux Distributions that have been identified as being particularly suited to systems integration. Take for example Ubuntu based on the stable, multi-purpose and trusted Debian distribution. Ubuntu has become one of the most popular and best-known distributions. Not only is it well designed and easy to use for NAS and web-servers, it has also advanced the use of Linux as a desktop operating system more than any other distribution. Ubuntu comes 
as a managed package, with full hardware integration, and ongoing support through the availability of a repository of applications, software and pre-complied packages for download, all enabling quick and simple configuration. Adding to its flexibility, there are multiple variations of the distribution, including Xubuntu, Lubuntu, Ubuntu-server and Mythbuntu. 

"It has also advanced the use of Linux as a desktop operating system more than any other distribution"



Yocto is another distribution that is particularly suited for video and graphics drivers. In the case of Yocto, the package provides the tools and processes to make your own distributions, whereby the distribution administrator can make their own repositories of software. While Yocto requires a greater depth of knowledge and expertise in terms of development and customisation, it is well suited for more deeply embedded solutions where for example multi-media drivers are more important than ease of use.

With any software development project, there will never be a miracle ‘one size fits all’ solution and when time is no object, then selecting a distribution with a familiar architecture will certainly work. However, when time is a critical factor in product delivery, then a fully optimised embedded board, pre-loaded with the latest drivers, tools, cross-platform QT software and distributions ready for almost instant plug  and play customisation, will reduce time to market significantly.

With software engineering and new product development being such a dynamic, fast-moving area, keeping up with the latest changes, enhancements and innovations is essential to ensure your solutions not only meet the demands of today, but also allow for future requirements. It’s important to be open and willing to try, test and explore new opportunities. You only have to consider the potential that the independent Android platform could possibly offer in terms of its GUI. And while Android has been so successful in the mobile consumer environment, although it doesn’t have the interface drivers suitable for industrial applications now, who knows where this might take us in the future? So while knowledge and expertise of existing software solutions is vital, so too is a forward thinking vision where research and testing can explore and deliver future-proof solutions.




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